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Electricity In Minnesota

  • Population5,639,632
  • Total Consumption63,330,632 MWh / 11.23 MWh per capita
  • CO2 Equivalent Emissions24,443,006,629 kg
  • Total Production56,222,001 MWh / 9.97 MWh per capita
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Residential Electricity Bills & Rates in Minnesota

Minnesota residential electric rates are highest in January and the highest average bill is in February.

Historical Electric Rates:

Price Per kWHAverage Bill$0.144/kWh$0.120/kWh$134.15/mo.$82.61/mo.
38th13.39¢Average residential price per kWh in the state of Minnesota
14th$103.9Average residential monthly electricity bill for Minnesota Residents

Energy Profile of Minnesota

Minnesota's Electricity Prices and Usage

Minnesota has an average electricity rate of 13.39 cents per kilowatt hour. This is 0.44% higher than the national average of 13.33 cents. When shopping for electricity, many residents are faced with only one or two choices when choosing their electricity provider due to the regulated electricity market that exists in the state. Minnesota has recently made strides with a 7.77% rise in the previous year in the usage of renewable fuel types for electricity generation. Producing 9.97 megawatt hours per resident, Minnesota ranks as the 38th largest per capita generator of electricity in the country. All told, consumers living within state use a total of over 63,300,000 megawatt hours to meet their electricity needs. Residents in the state have an average monthly residential power bill of $103.9 per month. The nationwide average monthly bill is $120.11.

Residential Electricity Providers in Minnesota

ProviderArrow UpArrow pointing upwards.Residential Rate (¢)Arrow UpArrow pointing upwards.Residential Average Bill ($)Arrow UpArrow pointing upwards.Residential Sales (MWh)Arrow DownBlue arrow pointing down.Residential Revenues ($)Arrow UpArrow pointing upwards.State Production (MWh)Arrow UpArrow pointing upwards.State Emissions (KG)Arrow UpArrow pointing upwards.
Northern States Power Company13.7489.279,179,8761,261,384,97631,628,319.969,546,502,244.67
Connexus Energy13.73114.031,256,007172,494,377No DataIcon representing missing value.773,224,912.71
Minnesota Power11.8883.91,050,256124,783,3974,507,257.028,540,836,155.12
Dakota Electric Association13.84107.42953,599131,952,000No DataIcon representing missing value.693,121,008.73
Wright-Hennepin Electric12.59124.59585,96073,758,959No DataIcon representing missing value.350,705,329.87
Otter Tail Power Company10.8798.75540,50258,740,644255,3472,122,140,500.52
East Central Energy15.60135.89531,06582,841,382No DataIcon representing missing value.341,487,237.95
Lake Country Power14.60132.56497,97672,709,600No DataIcon representing missing value.242,017,175.86
Minnesota Valley Electric Cooperative11.74117.22470,30155,236,000No DataIcon representing missing value.329,017,302.81
Crow Wing Power12.05106.44444,70353,598,000No DataIcon representing missing value.239,902,691.93

Power Plants in Minnesota

PlantArrow UpArrow pointing upwards.City/CountyArrow UpArrow pointing upwards.Primary Fuel TypeArrow UpArrow pointing upwards.Production (MWh)Arrow DownBlue arrow pointing down.Emission (KG)Arrow UpArrow pointing upwards.Emissions/MWh (KG/MWh)Arrow UpArrow pointing upwards.Toxic Chemical ReleaseArrow UpArrow pointing upwards.Closing DateArrow UpArrow pointing upwards.
Becker Coal 9,743,369.059,478,846,083.05972.85No DataIcon representing missing value.12/2034
Red Wing Nuclear 9,073,969146,457,478.8416.14No DataIcon representing missing value.No DataIcon representing missing value.
Monticello Nuclear FacilityNorthern States Power Company (100.00%)
Monticello Nuclear 4,936,04563,042,657.6912.77No DataIcon representing missing value.No DataIcon representing missing value.
Cohasset Coal 4,336,794.014,520,181,649.991,042.29YesNo DataIcon representing missing value.
Mankato Energy CenterMEC Holdings, LLC (100.00%)
Mankato Natural Gas 2,829,9321,162,325,196.9410.73No DataIcon representing missing value.No DataIcon representing missing value.
St. Paul Natural Gas 2,608,949966,464,341.36370.44No DataIcon representing missing value.No DataIcon representing missing value.
Minneapolis Natural Gas 1,430,835560,246,923.6391.55No DataIcon representing missing value.No DataIcon representing missing value.
Oak Park Heights Coal 964,1151,002,762,447.241,040.09YesNo DataIcon representing missing value.
Red Pine Wind ProjectEDF Renewables (100.00%)
Lincoln County Wind 805,52322,914,652.928.45No DataIcon representing missing value.No DataIcon representing missing value.
Jackson County Wind 795,37722,479,038.7828.26No DataIcon representing missing value.No DataIcon representing missing value.

Quick Facts

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By megawatt hours sold, the largest provider in Minnesota is Northern States Power Company.

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Minnesota is 12th highest in the United States for electricity production from wind per capita, averaging 2.19 megawatt hours per person produced from wind.

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Solar power usage in Minnesota has risen by 22.15% year over year, with 1,786,004.96 megawatt hours being produced from solar during the last 12 months compared to 1,462,169.9 the 12 months before.

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Minnesota has a population of 5,639,632 residents.

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Minnesota ranks 20th in United States for production per capita from nuclear power, averaging 2.48 megawatt hours produced from nuclear sources.

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Wind turbines in Minnesota produce 12,341,376.65 megawatt hours of electricity, the 9th highest in US states.

CountyArrow UpArrow pointing upwards.PopulationArrow UpArrow pointing upwards.ProvidersArrow UpArrow pointing upwards.PlantsArrow UpArrow pointing upwards.Residential Rate (¢)Arrow UpArrow pointing upwards.Residential Avg. Electric BillArrow UpArrow pointing upwards.
Aitkin County15,8863No DataIcon representing missing value.14.64$121.03/mo
Anoka County356,9214213.73$110.43/mo
Becker County34,4235111.38$118.05/mo
Beltrami County47,1885113.68$172.37/mo
Benton County40,8895915.36$130.48/mo
Big Stone County4,9915No DataIcon representing missing value.11.92$194.93/mo
Blue Earth County67,6536813.75$135.90/mo
Brown County25,0086112.01$176.47/mo
Carlton County35,8714514.00$119.53/mo
Carver County105,08951113.06$117.40/mo
Cass County29,7797213.12$123.27/mo
Chippewa County11,8007911.36$216.12/mo
Chisago County56,57942414.78$115.72/mo
Clay County64,22291011.50$122.77/mo
Clearwater County8,8181No DataIcon representing missing value.13.23$158.13/mo
Cook County5,4631214.86$149.47/mo
Cottonwood County11,1963513.22$189.38/mo
Crow Wing County65,0555112.37$103.74/mo
Dakota County429,02132113.81$101.96/mo
Dodge County20,93461113.51$106.04/mo
Douglas County38,1414311.94$142.18/mo
Faribault County13,6533613.69$143.08/mo
Fillmore County21,0673214.70$126.18/mo
Freeborn County30,2816513.31$120.39/mo
Goodhue County46,34051213.57$130.29/mo
Grant County5,9726111.27$139.31/mo
Hennepin County1,265,8434913.50$97.31/mo
Houston County18,6003No DataIcon representing missing value.14.90$152.05/mo
Hubbard County21,4915No DataIcon representing missing value.13.06$144.30/mo
Isanti County40,5962314.98$128.61/mo
Itasca County45,1307210.67$82.79/mo
Jackson County9,84631510.26$139.22/mo
Kanabec County16,3371215.60$135.89/mo
Kandiyohi County43,19971212.87$148.52/mo
Kittson County4,2982No DataIcon representing missing value.13.26$216.37/mo
Koochiching County12,2294214.87$145.77/mo
Lac qui Parle County6,6235No DataIcon representing missing value.11.06$151.42/mo
Lake County10,6415213.94$127.21/mo
Lake of the Woods County3,7402No DataIcon representing missing value.14.44$163.92/mo
Le Sueur County28,8878613.12$94.32/mo
Lincoln County5,63952311.49$198.10/mo
Lyon County25,4747811.41$199.37/mo
Mahnomen County5,5271No DataIcon representing missing value.12.81$171.28/mo
Marshall County9,3365No DataIcon representing missing value.11.79$157.18/mo
Martin County19,6835711.16$148.27/mo
McLeod County35,8936911.04$98.28/mo
Meeker County23,2225311.55$124.80/mo
Mille Lacs County26,2772115.18$126.25/mo
Morrison County33,3868311.94$88.67/mo
Mower County40,0626713.51$122.79/mo
Murray County8,1943911.88$153.36/mo
Nicollet County34,2746413.47$116.20/mo
Nobles County21,6296911.64$100.60/mo
Norman County6,3754110.99$152.06/mo
Olmsted County158,29341214.64$135.38/mo
Otter Tail County58,7465311.03$105.96/mo
Pennington County14,1192112.27$181.60/mo
Pine County29,5794115.16$130.46/mo
Pipestone County9,12642712.10$218.61/mo
Polk County31,3648211.89$134.28/mo
Pope County11,24951112.27$163.87/mo
Ramsey County550,3214413.76$89.91/mo
Red Lake County4,0552112.25$181.25/mo
Redwood County15,1704812.26$156.70/mo
Renville County14,5485612.80$217.87/mo
Rice County66,97262113.70$120.61/mo
Rock County9,3153611.83$238.14/mo
Roseau County15,1652No DataIcon representing missing value.14.22$193.73/mo
Scott County149,0135812.29$109.43/mo
Sherburne County97,23851713.80$111.02/mo
Sibley County14,8659313.06$124.11/mo
St. Louis County199,07010511.82$81.17/mo
Stearns County161,07573111.95$140.34/mo
Steele County36,6495813.52$112.12/mo
Stevens County9,8055312.05$188.72/mo
Swift County9,2665112.10$193.88/mo
Todd County24,6645No DataIcon representing missing value.11.43$134.15/mo
Traverse County3,2592No DataIcon representing missing value.11.56$187.33/mo
Wabasha County21,6274414.19$122.08/mo
Wadena County13,6824No DataIcon representing missing value.11.14$144.64/mo
Waseca County18,61271113.93$113.70/mo
Washington County262,44031413.74$92.63/mo
Watonwan County10,8971213.34$191.43/mo
Wilkin County6,2076No DataIcon representing missing value.9.85$112.13/mo
Winona County50,4844714.69$140.95/mo
Wright County138,37761812.03$100.78/mo
Yellow Medicine County9,7097312.60$191.60/mo

Power Plant Fuel Types, Emissions & Pollution Factors

Minnesota’s primary fuel source is Coal, with 27.39% of electricity production using this fuel. Combined with Nuclear (24.92%) and Wind (21.95%), the three fuel types account for 74.26% of the generation. The state has 520 power producing plants within its borders. This is the 3rd highest number of power plants within a state and the 4th highest number of power plants per resident in the country. Electricity use in the state of Minnesota results in the release of 24,443,006,628.52 kilograms of CO2 pollution per year, which is 22nd highest in the nation. More telling of the state’s emissions reality is the per citizen CO2 totals. That amount stands at 4,334.15 kilograms of CO2 emissions from electricity use, which ranks them as the 31st highest state in the nation for CO2 emissions per capita.

WIND Renewable, RefreshableIcon representing renewability.
Natural Gas
Natural Gas
SOLAR Renewable, RefreshableIcon representing renewability.

Minnesota Net Metering

Minnesota has 83 out of 171 electricity suppliers reporting that they offer net metering to residents with personal solar panels. The state has some of the best net metering and feed in tariffs that make solar and other types of electricity generation more realistic.

Energy Loss

There are 146 companies in Minnesota that reported energy loss, including Northern States Power Company, Minnesota Power, and Connexus Energy. Combined, these 146 electricity providers average an annual energy loss of 2.89% of electricity generated. For comparison, the countrywide average energy loss is 2.72%. Minnesota has a rank of 38th worst in the nation for energy loss.

Solar Taxes And Rebates

When it comes to stimulating personal solar, tax and rebate incentives from the government are some of the easiest methods. Minnesota currently does not offer a state tax credit for solar panel installation at a private residence. While there are no state sponsored rebates there are local rebates available to many citizens who wish to install solar. Fortunately, Minnesota offers a 100% tax exemption to homeowners who wish to install private solar panels. There is currently a 100% sales tax exemption in place for the install of solar.

State Level Initiatives

State level legislation has a big part in affecting whether customers in a state can afford to purchase personal solar systems or find electricity plans that are based on renewable fuel types. Many states require renewable fuel sources to be a percentage of the fuel used for electricity production. These requirements are called Renewable Portfolio Standards (RPS). Electricity providers in the state of Minnesota are required to generate a minimum of 16-24% of their output using renewable fuels. Furthermore, low income solar programs are another way a state can encourage renewable fuel types and the state of Minnesota is home to a program that does exactly that.

FAQ: Common Questions About Energy in Minnesota

What is the average electric bill in Minnesota?

In 2021, Minnesota has an average electricity bill of $104.

How much does electricity cost in Minnesota?

The average electric rate in Minnesota is 13.39 cents per kilowatt hour, so anything below this amount is better than most. The lowest priced provider is currently Nashwauk Public Utilities, at 7.28 cents per kilowatt hour.

What electricity company is the largest supplier in Minnesota?

By total customer count, Northern States Power Company is the largest electricity provider in Minnesota.

Does Minnesota have a deregulated electricity market?

Minnesota has a regulated electricity market, rather than a deregulated market. This means that consumers in the state normally have only one or two electricity provider options when it comes time to choose who they purchase electricity from.

Where does Minnesota get its electricity?

The primary fuel source used for electricity generation in Minnesota is Coal, making up 27.39% of the fuel used in the state. Nuclear and Wind also account for 24.92% and 21.95% respectively.

How many power plants are in Minnesota?

There are 520 electricity plants located in Minnesota

How many electric companies offer service in Minnesota?

There are 171 electricity providers serving customers in Minnesota.

What is the cheapest electricity company in Minnesota?

Residential Rate RankArrow UpArrow pointing upwards.ProviderArrow UpArrow pointing upwards.Residential Rate (¢)Arrow UpArrow pointing upwards.State CustomersArrow UpArrow pointing upwards.
1Nashwauk Public Utilities7.28564
2Breckenridge, Minnesota Electric Utility7.881,873
3Ceylon, Minnesota Electric Utility8.03237
4City of Madison Utilities8.24947
5Tyler, Minnesota Electric Utility8.68706
6Ada Electric8.711,185
7Keewatin Public Utilities8.85515
8Litchfield Public Utilities8.863,226
9Marshall Municipal Utilities9.016,700
10Shelly, Minnesota Electric Utility Company9.02139

What power companies are in Minnesota?

State Customers RankArrow UpArrow pointing upwards.ProviderArrow UpArrow pointing upwards.State CustomersArrow DownBlue arrow pointing down.
1Northern States Power Company1,319,919
2Minnesota Power148,231
3Connexus Energy138,128
4Dakota Electric Association110,679
5Otter Tail Power Company62,662
6Rochester Public Utilities57,576
7East Central Energy56,980
8Wright-Hennepin Electric55,668
9Lake Country Power49,579
10Crow Wing Power44,789

Last Reviewed By: Matt Hope
Published: 2021-03-16Last Updated: 2021-10-14