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Electricity In Puerto Rico

  • Population3,193,694
  • Total Consumption16,506,381 MWh / 5.17 MWh per capita
  • CO2 Equivalent Emissions11,478,445,394 kg
  • Total Production18,354,879 MWh / 5.75 MWh per capita
state-map

Residential Electricity Bills & Rates in Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico residential electric rates are highest in January and the highest average bill is in April.

Historical Pricing:
Price Per kWHAverage Bill$0.460/kWh$0.153/kWh$112.94/mo.$4.55/mo.
43rd18.32¢Average residential price per kWh in the state of Puerto Rico
1st$80.12Average residential monthly electricity bill for Puerto Rico Residents

Energy Profile of Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico's Electricity Prices and Usage

Puerto Rico's average electricity rate in 2021 is 18.32 cents per kilowatt hour, which is 37.44% more than the United States average rate of 13.33 cents. Puerto Rico ranks as the 43rd best priced state in the United States by average electric rate. While there are 3 electricity companies who call Puerto Rico home, the electricity market is regulated and residents often have only one or two electricity provider options determined by their geographic location. The state produces 2.12% of their electricity using renewable fuels, which ranks them 52nd in the US for ratio of renewable fuel sources to non-renewable sources. The use of renewable fuel sources for electricity production has dropped by 2.89% in Puerto Rico within the past year. The state emitted 11,478,445,393.86 kilograms of CO2 equivalent gases from electricity use, making it the 39th highest polluting state in the country based on total CO2 equivalent output. Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority is the largest supplier in the state based on megawatt hours sold.

Electricity Providers in Puerto Rico

ProviderArrow UpArrow pointing upwards.Rate (¢)Arrow UpArrow pointing upwards.Average Bill ($)Arrow UpArrow pointing upwards.Residential Sales (MWh)Arrow DownBlue arrow pointing down.Residential Revenues ($)Arrow UpArrow pointing upwards.State Production (MWh)Arrow UpArrow pointing upwards.State Emissions (KG)Arrow UpArrow pointing upwards.
Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority18.2378.286,954,1731,267,715,408No DataIcon representing missing value.11,385,821,637.46
Sunnova22.94154.08123,07428,230,378No DataIcon representing missing value.85,584,973.98
Sunrun Solar31.59211.714,9401,560,702No DataIcon representing missing value.3,435,248.48

Power Plants in Puerto Rico

PlantArrow UpArrow pointing upwards.Primary Fuel TypeArrow UpArrow pointing upwards.Production (MWh)Arrow DownBlue arrow pointing down.Emission (KG)Arrow UpArrow pointing upwards.Emissions per MWh (KG/MWh)Arrow UpArrow pointing upwards.Toxic Chemical ReleaseArrow UpArrow pointing upwards.Closing DateArrow UpArrow pointing upwards.

Quick Facts

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The use of coal in the generation of electricity decreased in Puerto Rico in the last 12 months, with a decreased usage of roughly 12.05% taking place.

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The average monthly electricity cost in Puerto Rico is 33.30% lower than the national average monthly expense.

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With 233,136.14 megawatt hours produced from solar power and 3,193,694 citizens in Puerto Rico, the state averages 0.07 megawatt hours generated from solar energy per capita, which gives it a ranking of 26th in the nation.

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Puerto Rico uses non-renewable fuels to produce 5.63 megawatt hours per citizen, making them the 39th highest state for non-renewable production per capita.

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Puerto Rico is 51st in the US for renewable electricity generation per capita, at 0.12 megawatt hours per person per year.

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Puerto Rico is the 37th worst polluting state based on emissions per capita. The state emits 3,594.1 kilograms per person per year of CO2 equivalent gases.

CountyArrow UpArrow pointing upwards.PopulationArrow UpArrow pointing upwards.ProvidersArrow UpArrow pointing upwards.PlantsArrow UpArrow pointing upwards.Rate (¢)Arrow UpArrow pointing upwards.Avg. Electric BillArrow UpArrow pointing upwards.
Adjuntas Municipio17,3631 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Aguada Municipio36,6941 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Aguadilla Municipio50,2651 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Aguas Buenas Municipio24,8141 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Aibonito Municipio22,1081 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Arecibo Municipio81,9661 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Arroyo Municipio17,2381 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Añasco Municipio26,1611 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Barceloneta Municipio23,7271 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Barranquitas Municipio27,7251 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Bayamón Municipio169,2691 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Cabo Rojo Municipio47,5151 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Caguas Municipio124,6061 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Camuy Municipio30,5041 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Canóvanas Municipio44,6741 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Carolina Municipio146,9841 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Cataño Municipio23,1211 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Cayey Municipio42,4091 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Ceiba Municipio10,9041 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Ciales Municipio15,8081 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Cidra Municipio38,3071 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Coamo Municipio38,3361 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Comerío Municipio18,6481 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Corozal Municipio32,2931 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Culebra Municipio1,7141 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Dorado Municipio36,1411 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Fajardo Municipio29,4541 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Florida Municipio11,3171 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Guayama Municipio39,4651 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Guayanilla Municipio17,6231 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Guaynabo Municipio83,7281 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Gurabo Municipio47,0931 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Guánica Municipio15,3831 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Hatillo Municipio39,2181 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Hormigueros Municipio15,5181 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Humacao Municipio50,6531 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Isabela Municipio40,4231 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Jayuya Municipio13,8911 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Juana Díaz Municipio44,6791 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Juncos Municipio38,1551 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Lajas Municipio22,0101 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Lares Municipio24,2761 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Las Marías Municipio7,9271 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Las Piedras Municipio37,0071 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Loíza Municipio24,5531 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Luquillo Municipio17,6651 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Manatí Municipio37,2871 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Maricao Municipio5,4301 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Maunabo Municipio10,3211 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Mayagüez Municipio71,5301 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Moca Municipio34,8911 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Morovis Municipio30,3351 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Naguabo Municipio25,7611 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Naranjito Municipio27,3491 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Orocovis Municipio20,2201 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Patillas Municipio16,2111 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Peñuelas Municipio19,2491 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Ponce Municipio131,8811 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Quebradillas Municipio22,9181 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Rincón Municipio13,6561 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Río Grande Municipio48,0251 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Sabana Grande Municipio21,7121 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Salinas Municipio27,1281 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
San Germán Municipio30,2271 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
San Juan Municipio318,4411 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
San Lorenzo Municipio35,9891 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
San Sebastián Municipio35,5281 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Santa Isabel Municipio21,2091 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Toa Alta Municipio72,0251 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Toa Baja Municipio74,2711 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Trujillo Alto Municipio63,6741 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Utuado Municipio27,3951 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Vega Alta Municipio36,0611 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Vega Baja Municipio50,0231 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Vieques Municipio8,3861 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Villalba Municipio21,3721 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Yabucoa Municipio32,2821 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo
Yauco Municipio33,5751 providerNo DataIcon representing missing value.18.23$78.28/mo

Power Plant Fuel Types, Emissions & Pollution Factors

Emissions in Puerto Rico average 3,594.1 kilograms of CO2 equivalent gases per citizen, making them the 37th highest polluting state based on emissions per capita. With total emissions of 11,478,445,393.86 kilograms, the state ranks 39th highest for total pollution from electricity production, however, it could be argued that emissions per capita is a better measurement of a state’s pollution levels. Power plants in the state most often use Natural Gas, which makes up 41.40% (or 7,598,652.81 megawatt hours) of the fuel used for electricity production in the state. Residual Fuel Oil and Coal make up the next highest totals for a fuel type at 5,095,437.19 megawatt hours (27.76%) and 3,165,893 megawatt hours (17.25%) respectively. Puerto Rico is home to zero power plants, which ranks it last for total power plants within a state and the rate of power plants per resident.

NATURAL GAS
Natural Gas
Natural Gas
Natural Gas
Natural Gas
Natural Gas
41.40%
RESIDUAL FUEL OIL
Residual Fuel Oil
Residual Fuel Oil
Residual Fuel Oil
27.76%
COAL
Coal
Coal
17.25%
DISTILLATE FUEL OIL
Distillate Fuel Oil
Distillate Fuel Oil
11.48%
SOLAR Renewable, RefreshableIcon representing renewability.
Solar
1.27%
OTHER
Other
0.85%

Net Metering

Approximately 100.00% of the electric companies in Puerto Rico offer net metering to their consumers. The state has poor net metering and feed in tariffs that make solar and other alternative types of electricity generation more attracitve.

Energy Loss

In Puerto Rico one company reports energy loss, Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority. They average an annual energy loss of 11.57%. The United States average for energy loss is 2.72%, resulting in a rank of 1st worst in the United States for Puerto Rico in this category.

Solar Taxes And Rebates

State governments can encourage private citizens to install private solar panels by issuing tax breaks and rebates. Puerto Rico currently offers no state tax credit to consumers who install private solar panels at their place of residence. The state offers no rebates to citizens who are purchasing private solar. There are currently no property tax exemptions for citizens in Puerto Rico. There is currently no sales tax exemption for consumers who purchase solar.

State Level Initiatives

Legislation enacted at the state level affects whether customers in a state can afford to install personal solar systems or shop for electric plans that are based on renewable fuel sources. States that have Renewable Portfolio Standards (RPS) have requirements in place for electricity providers who do business in the state. These standards require that a certain amount of electricity must be produced using green fuel sources. Unfortunately, the state of Puerto Rico has no standards currently in place. Furthermore, there are currently no low income solar programs to help low income families to install solar panels.

FAQ: Common Questions About Energy in Puerto Rico

Where does Puerto Rico get its electricity?

Residual Fuel Oil and Coal also account for 27.76% and 17.25% respectively.