Electricity In South Dakota

  • Population884,659
  • Total Consumption12,950,392 MWh / 14.64 MWh per capita
  • CO2 Emissions from Consumption1,883,407,327 kg
  • Total Production17,122,545 MWh / 19.35 MWh per capita
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Residential Electricity Bills & Rates in South Dakota

South Dakota residential electric rates are highest in January and the highest average bill is in February.

Historical Electric Rates:

Price Per kWHAverage Bill$0.132/kWh$0.104/kWh$158.77/mo.$94.62/mo.
22nd12.24¢Average residential price per kWh in the state of South Dakota
32nd$124.68Average residential monthly electricity bill for South Dakota Residents

Energy Profile of South Dakota

South Dakota's Electricity Prices and Usage

Customers in South Dakota enjoy a lower residential electricity rate than many people around the US, with an average state electricity rate of 12.24 cents per kilowatt hour compared to the nationwide average of 13.62 cents. There are over 70 electricity companies that call the state home, but due to the electricity market regulations in place customers most likely have only one or two provider options determined by their geographic location. The state is the 47th largest state in the US, with a population of 884,659. As the 45th worst polluting state based on pollution per person from electricity use, South Dakota citizens create emissions of 2,128.96 kilograms of CO2 emissions each. The state emitted 1,883,407,327.22 kilograms of CO2 emissions from electricity consumption, causing it to be the 52nd worst polluting state in the nation based on total CO2 emissions. South Dakota has seen a 24.74% increase in the use of renewable fuel sources for electricity production in the previous year.

Residential Electricity Providers in South Dakota

ProviderService TypeResidential Rate (¢)Residential Average Bill ($)Residential Sales (MWh)Residential Revenues ($)State Production (MWh)
Northern States Power CompanyBUNDLED12.82100.96807,161103,506,527857,206
NorthWestern EnergyBUNDLED11.36107.23575,11165,324,000776,419.9
Black Hills EnergyBUNDLED15.24121.17552,64584,244,73241,432
Sioux Valley EnergyBUNDLED12.18158.44319,33138,886,440
Southeastern Electric CoopBUNDLED11.45138.05252,44628,908,991
West River Electric AssociationBUNDLED13.16124.4185,40724,399,114
Northern Electric CooperativeBUNDLED10.58212.67130,17913,768,651
Watertown UtilitiesBUNDLED9.0483.79120,17410,865,000
Black Hills Electric CooperativeBUNDLED14.24162.89117,59516,746,725
Otter Tail Power CompanyBUNDLED10.36111.08114,85711,904,2311,221,675.49

Power Plants in South Dakota

PlantCity/CountyPrimary Fuel TypeProduction (MWh)Emission (KG)Emissions/MWh (KG/MWh)Toxic Chemical ReleaseClosing Date
Hughes County Conventional Hydroelectric 2,798,038
Pickstown Conventional Hydroelectric 2,007,328
Big StoneMontana-Dakota Utilities Co (22.70%)NorthWestern Energy (23.40%)Otter Tail Power Company (53.90%)
Big Stone City Coal 1,854,897.011,850,382,165.99997.57Yes
Lyman County Conventional Hydroelectric 1,022,097
Triple H Wind ProjectTriple H Wind Project, LLC (100.00%)
Hyde County Wind 969,685
Lesterville Wind 910,396
Crocker Wind FarmCrocker Wind Farm, LLC (100.00%)
Clark County Wind 820,930
Crowned Ridge Wind Energy CenterCattle Ridge Wind Holdings, LLC (100.00%)
Grant County Wind 779,029
Brookings County Natural Gas 756,351307,842,552.92407.01
Crowned Ridge Wind II Energy CenterNorthern States Power Company (100.00%)
Waverly CDP Wind 723,803

Quick Facts

South Dakota produces 19.17% of their electricity from non-renewable fuels. This equates to 3.71 megawatt hours per resident and places South Dakota as the 45th highest state for non-renewable generation per capita a year.

As the 43rd largest producer of electricity in the United States, electricity plants in South Dakota generate 17,122,545.35 megawatt hours of electricity.

While most states try to reduce the use of non-renewable fuel sources, South Dakota’s use of these fuel sources for electricity has actually increased by 10.98% over the course of the last 12 months.

The state of South Dakota generates 19.35 megawatt hours per capita per year, making it the 14th largest generator per capita in the nation.

South Dakota has seen its CO2 pollution from electricity use go up by 6.96% over the past 12 months.

Electricity from wind power produced in South Dakota totals 8,813,096.34 megawatt hours, ranking South Dakota 14th in the United States for wind power production.

CountyPopulationProvidersPlantsResidential Rate (¢)Residential Avg. Electric Bill
Aurora County2,7514211.22$145.49/mo
Beadle County18,4533113.01$169.86/mo
Bennett County3,365211.23$112.33/mo
Bon Homme County6,9014110.94$136.89/mo
Brookings County35,0778411.37$156.75/mo
Brown County38,8397210.39$136.43/mo
Brule County5,2973211.92$144.81/mo
Buffalo County1,962312.63$185.87/mo
Butte County10,4294114.66$150.42/mo
Campbell County1,3764111.53$145.00/mo
Charles Mix County9,2924111.91$133.60/mo
Clark County3,7364310.33$212.14/mo
Clay County14,0702111.35$153.59/mo
Codington County28,0097210.09$166.20/mo
Corson County4,086511.95$118.58/mo
Custer County8,972414.74$141.83/mo
Davison County19,775311.92$144.81/mo
Day County5,4245111.05$132.11/mo
Deuel County4,3515311.02$172.79/mo
Dewey County5,892213.37$109.35/mo
Douglas County2,921311.94$182.29/mo
Edmunds County3,829511.58$139.73/mo
Fall River County6,713314.75$141.59/mo
Faulk County2,2995111.54$139.61/mo
Grant County7,0526411.67$180.87/mo
Gregory County4,18539.81$100.15/mo
Haakon County1,899213.76$145.27/mo
Hamlin County6,164810.81$151.45/mo
Hand County3,1914112.32$158.48/mo
Hanson County3,453612.21$129.60/mo
Harding County1,298414.00$105.34/mo
Hughes County17,5264210.04$148.16/mo
Hutchinson County7,291511.88$115.33/mo
Hyde County1,3013213.01$169.89/mo
Jackson County3,344412.08$122.60/mo
Jerauld County2,0134111.87$138.92/mo
Jones County903213.76$145.27/mo
Kingsbury County4,9397110.91$132.91/mo
Lake County12,797511.79$123.58/mo
Lawrence County25,8443114.57$137.84/mo
Lincoln County61,1286112.63$118.00/mo
Lyman County3,7813113.31$141.44/mo
Marshall County4,935611.45$142.84/mo
McCook County5,586512.15$132.47/mo
McPherson County2,379311.70$156.15/mo
Meade County28,332613.75$140.48/mo
Mellette County2,061211.38$114.27/mo
Miner County2,216512.02$140.32/mo
Minnehaha County193,1345112.50$127.39/mo
Moody County6,576711.41$118.11/mo
Oglala Lakota County14,177311.33$113.36/mo
Pennington County113,7755214.36$128.99/mo
Perkins County2,865412.84$140.81/mo
Potter County2,153511.54$145.17/mo
Roberts County10,394510.91$165.35/mo
Sanborn County2,344512.22$130.20/mo
Spink County6,376310.97$159.66/mo
Stanley County3,0983112.32$128.91/mo
Sully County1,391311.59$169.71/mo
Todd County10,177211.23$112.33/mo
Tripp County5,441310.10$117.05/mo
Turner County8,3847111.72$123.90/mo
Union County15,932712.28$129.38/mo
Walworth County5,435511.54$145.17/mo
Yankton County22,8144211.26$135.46/mo
Ziebach County2,756313.99$147.30/mo

Power Plant Fuel Types, Emissions & Pollution Factors

For the purpose of electricity production, South Dakota’s top fuel type is Wind, making up 51.47%, or 8,813,096.34 megawatt hours of generation in the state. Conventional Hydroelectric and Coal make up 29.28% and 10.82% of electricity generation, respectively. The state's electricity use levels result in CO2 emissions totaling 1,883,407,327.22 kilograms, which is the 52nd most of any state in the nation. Perhaps a better measurement of pollution is the CO2 emissions per capita, which amounts to 2,128.96 kilograms of CO2 emissions per person per year from electricity consumption. This calculation ranks the state as the 45th highest polluting state in the country. South Dakota is home to 47 power generation plants, which is the 47th highest number of power plants in a state and the 16th highest number of plants per capita in a state.

Conventional Hydroelectric
Conventional Hydroelectric
Conventional Hydroelectric
Natural Gas
Distillate Fuel Oil

South Dakota Net Metering

Roughly 14.71% of the electric companies in South Dakota offer net metering to their customers. At the state level, South Dakota is known for nonexistent net metering and feed in tariff legislation.

Energy Loss

The state has 14 electricity providers who are reporting energy loss. The average energy loss amount for these providers is 2.38%. For comparison, the US average energy loss is 2.76%. South Dakota has a rank of 38th best in the country for grid efficiency based on energy loss.

Solar Taxes And Rebates

State governments can help encourage private residents to consider installing private solar panels by promoting tax incentives and rebates to their populace. South Dakota has a tax credit of $1000 or less or no state tax. There are currently no state sponsored rebates available to consumers who are considering installing solar. South Dakota residents have the ability to apply a 100% property tax exemption for the purchase of private solar, which is better than almost all other states. Residents in the state do not have access to a sales tax exemption when purchasing solar.

State Level Initiatives

Policies drawn up at the state level affect whether a state is friendly towards customers searching for renewable energy sources. Many states require renewable fuels to make up a portion of the fuel used for electricity generation by providers in the state. These requirements are known as Renewable Portfolio Standards (RPS). Unfortunately, South Dakota has no requirements in place at this time. Additionally, there are currently no low income solar programs to encourage low income families to install solar panels.

FAQ: Common Questions About Energy in South Dakota

What is the average electric bill in South Dakota?

In 2022, South Dakota has an average electricity bill of $125.

How much does electricity cost in South Dakota?

The average price for electricity in South Dakota in 2022 is 12.24 cents per kilowatt hour (¢/kWh).

Which electricity company is the largest provider in South Dakota?

The largest electricity provider in South Dakota by total revenue is Northern States Power Company.

How many power plants are in South Dakota?

South Dakota has 47 active power plants generating electricity for the state.

Where does South Dakota get its electricity?

The main fuel sources used for electricity generation in South Dakota are Wind, Conventional Hydroelectric and Coal, accounting for 51.47%, 29.28% and 10.82% respectively.

Does South Dakota have a deregulated electricity market?

No, South Dakota has a regulated electricity market where consumers often have only a single provider choice for their electricity needs.

How many electric companies offer service in South Dakota?

South Dakota is home to 68 electricity suppliers operating in the area.

Last Reviewed By: King Manalo
Published: 2021-03-16Last Updated: 2022-01-13